How to Use ConvertAll
- Combining Units
- Non-Linear Conversions
- Numbering System Conversions
- Command Line Usage
Simply type a unit name in the "From Unit" edit window. As you type, the list below the window will be filtered to show only matching units. Matching unit names contain words starting with the words that are typed. Either type the complete unit name/abbreviation or hit the return key to use the unit highlighted (blue letters) in the list. Of course, clicking with the mouse on a unit in the list will also add the unit to the edit window. You may also use the up and down arrow keys to highlight nearby units from the list.
Repeat the unit selection in the "To Unit" edit window. When done, if the units are compatible, the numeric edit windows below the unit lists will activate. A number may be entered into either numeric window and the other window will display the conversion result.
The real strength of ConvertAll lies in its ability to combine multiple units. Simply type the unit names with an '*' or a '/' between them. This allows the entry of units such as "ft * lbf" or "mi / hr". The '^' symbol may be used for exponents, such as "ft^3" or "ft * lbm / sec^2". Negative exponents are allowed for units such as "sec^-1" (per second), but may switch the multiplication or division symbol ("ft * sec^-2" becomes "ft / sec^2").
Multiplication and division have the same precedence, so they are evaluated left-to-right. Parenthesis may also be used to group units in the denominator. So "m / sec / kg" can also be entered as "m / (sec * kg)". The version with parenthesis is probably less confusing.
The buttons below the unit text boxes can also be used to add operators to the active unit that is closest to the cursor. The Square and Cube buttons will add or replace exponents. The Multiply and Divide buttons will add "*" and "/" operators.
Similarly, clicking on a unit from the list generally replaces the unit nearest the cursor.
The "Clear Unit" button below the operator buttons may be used to empty the unit edit window to allow a new unit to be entered.
The "Filter List" button can be used to show only one type of unit in the list. Note that this doesn't show units that could be combined to form a type.
The conversion of some units is non-linear. Examples of these include the Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature scales (due to an offset zero point) and the American Wire Gauge (logarithmic). The non-linear units are labeled as such in the comments column.
These units can be converted only when they are not combined with other units or used with an exponential operator. Otherwise the conversion would not be meaningful.
When typing unit names, spaces are ignored, so they may be skipped. It is also generally ignored if a plural form of the unit name is typed. For squared and cubed units (positive exponents of 2 or 3) the "^" symbol does not need to be typed.
When a partially typed unit is highlighted in the list (blue lettering), hitting enter will complete the name. The up an ddown arrow keys can be used to highlight nearby units in the list prior to hitting enter. The unit closet to the cursor will be replaced.
The "Recent Unit" button opens a menu of recently used units and unit combinations. The current unit combination is replaced with any selections from this menu.
The tab key can be used to cycle between the "From" and "To" unit test boxes and the "From" and "To" number editors.
The number to be converted may be entered in either the "From" or "To" unit side. Standard or scientific notation may be used, or an expression including the normal math operators (+, -, *, /, **) and parenthesis may be entered.
The "Bases" button brings up a dialog that can convert between various numbering system bases. There are entry boxes for decimal, hexadecimal, octal and binary entries. A number can be entered into any of the boxes and equivalents will be shown in the others.
The "Fractions" button brings up a dialog that can list fractional equivalents for a decimal number. Type the number and press enter. The fractions are listed in order of increasing accuracy.
The "Options..." button allows for changing several default settings. These settings are automatically stored so that ConvertAll will re-start with the settings last used.
The first options control the display of numerical results, including the use of scientific notation and the number of decimal places. Be cautious about setting the number of decimal places to a low value, which can result in a significant loss of accuracy. Six places or higher is recommended (eight is the default).
There is an option to set the number of recent units to be saved. Setting it to zero will disable the Recent Unit buttons. Another option will automatically load the most recent previous units at startup.
There are options to hide the operator text buttons (first row), and the unit buttons (second row). These can be hidden to save space if the keyboard will be used to enter the operators.
Buttons are also included on the options dialog to control the colors of the text fields.
Buttons are also included on the options dialog to control GUI colors and fonts. Colors can be selected by theme or individually. Larger fonts can be selected for use on high-resolution displays.
Conversions may be done from the command line (Linux or DOS console) without invoking the graphical interface. Enter the command ("convertall" on Linux, "convertall_dos" from the Windows binary), the number, the from unit and the to unit (separated by spaces) to do the conversion. Unit names containing spaces should be surrounded by quotes. Or, to be prompted for each unit entry, use the "-i" option ("convertall -i" on Linux, "convertall_dos -i" from Windows).
After the conversion is done, ConvertAll will prompt for a new number to do the same conversion. Or "n" can be entered to start a new conversion, "r" to reverse the conversion or "q" to quit.
For a more detailed list of options, use the "-h" option ("convertall -h" on Linux, "convertall_dos -h" on Windows).